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2022 - Up for Growth - Housing Underproduction
Trends and policy

Housing underproduction in the U.S.

Source: Up for Growth
Report date: July 2022

Up for Growth's 2022 report tracks nationwide housing underproduction by county and metropolitan area and considers the factors contributing to this deficit. The report ties underproduction to a rising affordability crisis in the U.S.


  • The U.S. is 3.8 million homes short of meeting housing needs, double the number from 2012.

  • 47 states and Washington, D.C., experienced an increase in the underproduction of

  • California has the largest deficit of homes at 980,000.

  • From 2012 to 2019, the housing deficit became more severe in 230 metropolitan areas, and only 25 regions saw their housing deficit shrink.

  • Almost two-thirds of urban residents and more than half of Black, Hispanic, and Asian survey respondents expressed significant concern about local housing affordability.

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